The current interest in gender at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is an opportunity to develop the capacity of CIFOR scientists to integrate gender issues into research. Several internal and external factors drive the interest in gender. Over the past few years CIFOR has created a dialogue and community of practice around gender. Gender is a cross-cutting issue in CIFOR’s most recent medium term plan (2009-2012). At the same time, External Programme and Management Reviews, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) initiatives and donors point to the need to pay more attention to gender issues. This manual supports CIFOR’s efforts to incorporate gender analysis more systematically into research. The aim is to boost understanding of gender concepts among CIFOR scientists, and to enhance their confidence and capacity for using gender analysis in forestry research, either on their own or in collaboration with other experts.